Wizardry Home Page | Writings About Merlin | The Wisdom of Merlin | Celtic Art Forms

The Druids | Friends of the Druids | The Nine Elements | Charm of Making

Images of Merlin Page 1 | Images of Merlin Page 2 | Images of Merlin Page 3

Images of Merlin Page 4 | Cicely Mary Barker & Images of Alphabet Fairies

Images of Garden Fairies A to L | Images of Garden Fairies M to W | Videos of Merlin the Movie

Faerie Wedding Song


Friends of the Druids

' Faeries, Unicorns, Gnomes, and Dragons '

Page Index



Faeries do not like to be seen by humans and will only appear for just a moment.

Do you believe in fairies? If you do, you are in a very good company of believers. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle believed in fairies too, along with other responsible and well-balanced people, including professors, doctors, and the clergy who have argued that such creatures exist.

Fairies come in all shapes and sizes. Most often they are tiny, but they may also be eight or more feet tall, and can sometimes change their shape at will. Fairies often adopt semi-human form, and prefer to meddle in human affairs. They may use their magical powers to capture humans, to steal crops, or to bring bad luck. Other fairies are generous and helpful, bringing gifts or cleaning people's homes. Be careful--even the gentlest may become spiteful if provoked. Apart from the tiny fairy of legend, fairies include leprechauns, pixies, hobs, brownies, banshees, imps, goblins, bogeys, nature spirits, and many more. Their powers vary but most are more likely to harm than to help.

In the Middle Ages, when everybody believed in fairies, the Church regarded them as fallen angels cast out by God, but continued to challenge His power. Many clergymen condemned fairies as demons and devils from Hell.

Serious students of fairy belief say that the fairies are a folk memory of a prehistoric race of small people who once inhabited parts of France. Once conquered then forced into hiding, the small people may only have ventured out at night. To their conquerors, these little people continued to pose a powerful threat.

Others trace the origins of fairies to the gods and spirits worshiped in primitive times. The ancient spirits of streams and groves are most certainly the direct ancestors of the nature spirit type of fairy.

The word fairy is believed to derive from the Latin fata-the Fates, or goddess guardians of destiny. They were believed to preside over the cribs of the newly born just like those at the christening of Sleeping Beauty.

Many poets have declared that behind the visible world are invisible chains and chains of conscious beings who are not of heaven but of earth with no inherent form but change according to their whim, or of the mind that sees them.

Spirits of element are creatures who evolved in the kingdoms of the elements of air, earth, fire and water. They are called gnomes (earth), sylphs (air), salamanders (fire), and undines (water). Other elementals include: fairies, elves, leprechauns, dwarfs, trolls, kobolds, peris, devas, djins, sylvans, satyrs, fauns, brownies, nixies, pixies, and goblins.

Garden Fairies are the most common kind of earth fairy.
Gnomes are earth fairies that live in rocks.
Nature Spirits are of the devic kingdom who care for the air, wind, fire and water, the growing of plants, and landscaping.
Rock Fairies are sometimes called gnomes, and are found both above and below ground.
Salamanders are known as fire fairies that inhabit the underground volcanic areas, and are involved with lightening and fires above ground.
Sylphs are air fairies that are usually large in size compared to most fairies.
Tree Spirits are larger than wood fairies and have a more physical body.
Undines are water spirits that live in the ocean, or near streams, lakes or ponds.
Water Babies are small, happy creatures found near the shore and near the surf.

Certain times of the year are more favorable for spotting faeries: May Day (Beltane), Midsummer's Eve and Halloween (Samhain) are such times. Most often, young girls are vulnerable to faeries, and are given daisy chains and bells to ward off any danger from faeries.

Return to Site Map


Unicorns combine both male and female elements with its masculine horn and female body. In symbolic terms, the unicorn stood for the reconciliation of other opposites.

The single horn of the unicorn indicates both virility and kingly power, and is also a sign of purity.

From a book by Greek historian Ctesias c.398 B.C.E., the description was: "There are in India certain wild asses which are as large as horses, and larger. Their bodies are white, their heads dark read, and their eyes dark blue. They have a horn on the forehead which is about a foot and a half in length." The unicorn seems to be a mixture of the rhinoceros, the Himalayan antelope, and the wild ass. Its horn came to a long sharp point, to be white at the base, black in the center, and crimson at the tip. Ctesias claims that dust scraped from the horn was an antidote to poison, and that those who drank from the horn would be protected from convulsions and from poisoning.

In the 17th and 18th centuries alicorn, a powder allegedly made from unicorn horn, was printed on the drug lists issued by the English Royal Society of Physicians. It was very expensive. The druggists explanation for the high costs was that unicorns were mostly caught in India, and the powder had to be shipped from there.

The purifying nature of the unicorn's horn comes from a famous medieval legend. This story says that many animals gather at dusk by a pool to quench their thirst, but the water is poisoned and they are unable to drink. Soon they are joined by the unicorn who dips its horn into the water and cleanses it.

Another famous medieval legend is the capture of the unicorn by a young female virgin. The unicorn, a small goat-like creature too fierce and swift to be captured by hunters, could only be tamed by a female virgin seated alone in a forest under a tree. Attracted by her perfume of chastity, the unicorn would approach and lay its head in her lap. She would stroke its horn and lull it to sleep. Then she would betray the animal by cutting off its horn, and hand it over to the hunters.

The Unicorn's Horn
A unicorn's horn, or alicorn, was very valuable during medieval times. The horn was believed to be able to cure many illnesses and neutralize poison. Unicorn's horn was sold in druggist's shops in powdered form, and whole horns were kept in the vaults of royalty.

This 'horn' is located in the Liverpool Museum in England. The horn is believed to have been made from the tusk of a narwhal. It measures 110cm long with a diameter of 5.2cm, tapering to 2.5cm.

The Unicorn has always been depicted as a creature of beauty and purity. Entrapped only by a virgin's innocence, its horn is said to possess magical qualities for healing and detecting poison. It became a desired object for royalty with concerns about untimely deaths. The unicorn is also used as symbol for Christ in Christian religions. They are known around the world.

Unicorns having a horse-like appearance is a recent occurrence. The use of horses, with horns added, in movies has perpetuated this concept, as in the movie "Legend", where the beautiful Andalusians were used. Historically, they have appeared goat-like or deer-like. This is evident in the famed Unicorn Tapestries and other Medieval art works that depicted Unicorns.

Can a creature that has such world wide acceptance and recognition, be only a fictional being? How could it?! In all its incarnations, it is a creature of goodness and luck. A stand against evil and the dark, again, as in the movie "Legend", how can they be so universally recognized and not exist?

Tests of a True Alicorn

In Medieval times there was much concern over alicorns (unicorn's horns). Many people could not afford real alicorns and rumors circulated that many horns were actually fakes. Since people were so concerned over the authenticity of their alicorns, many scientists came up with tests to tell whether the alicorn was a real horn or a counterfeit. These are some of their tests.

The true horn, when thrown into water, sends up little bubbles. The water seems to boil, though cold, and one can hear the boiling.

The true horn gives out a sweet odor when burned.

Poisonous plants and animals, when brought near the true horn, burst and die.

The true horn sweats in the presence of poison.

The true horn is always striated, is extremely hard, very heavy, the color of boxwood, and able to save the life of a pigeon poisoned with arsenic.

Enclose a spider in a circle drawn on the floor with an alicorn. If the horn is true the spider will not be able to cross outside of the circle and will starve to death inside it.

Place the horn in a vessel and with it three or four live and large scorpions, keeping the vessel covered. If four hours later the scorpions are dead, or almost lifeless, the alicorn is a true one.
Return to Site Map


They work at night in the woods and sometimes in human dwellings, it is not sheer coincidence that the word gnome itself is derived from Kuba-Walda, which means " home administrator" or "home spirit" in the ancient Germanic language. In rural areas these home administrators often live in the rafters of barns, where, if they are treated well, they keep an eye on the livestock as well as crops. Another variant of their name translates as "to put in order" or "do odd jobs" - with or without an apron.

Gnome Facts :
Males indulge in pipe-smoking
Males think of marriage at about the age of 200 years

Gnome women deck themselves out with blossoms or berry-bearing twigs for the celebrations
Greetings, farewells and goodnights are expressed by rubbing noses.
Gnomes are 7 times as strong as a man.
Urine can be contained for a whole day
Brain capacity larger than man's.
Hair grays very early, baldness unknown.

Life-span is around 400 years.
Not tone deaf, with fingertips as sensitive as those of a blind person.
Fingerprints are mainly of a circular pattern.
Heart attacks are unknown to them.
Capable of smelling 19 times better than man.
Sense of direction (as good as a homing pigeon)
ESP...(Nonverbal communication over great distances)
Weather forecasting

Birth of gnomes is always twins
Pregnancy lasts 12 months
Girl children are raised by their mothers and neighbor women in homely arts.

Boys at age 13 are taught the manly ways and taught his father's trade
Boys at age 75 years are introduced to the members of the Regional Council, a few of them he may already know.
Gnomes love to dance and always finding a reason occasion to celebrate.

Types of Gnomes
- Woodland, Dune, Garden, House, Farm, and Siberian -

Woodland Gnome

The woodland, or forest, gnome is probably the most common. But this is difficult to verify, as he is not fond of showing himself to man and has many escape routes. His physical appearance resembles that of the ordinary gnome.

Dune Gnome

The dune gnome is a fraction larger than the woodland gnome. He, too, avoids contact with man. His clothing sometimes is remarkable drab. The female of this gnome type does not wear gray clothes; hers are khaki-colored.

Garden Gnome

The garden gnome belongs to the general type. He lives in old gardens, even those hemmed in between the new houses of modern "model" cities. His nature is on the somber side, and he rather enjoys telling melancholy tales. If he begins to feel too closed in , he simply goes to the woods. But, as he is well learned, he sometimes feels out of place there.

Farm Gnome

The farm gnome resembles the house gnome but is of a more constant nature and is conservative in all matters.

House Gnome

The house gnome is a special sort. He resembles an ordinary gnome but he has the most knowledge of mankind. Owing to the fact that he often inhabits historic old houses, he has seen both rich and poor, and heard a great deal. He speaks and understands man's language; gnome kings are chosen from his family. These gnomes (Farm and House) are good-natured, always ready for a lark or to tease; they are never male-violent, with a few exceptions, of course. If a gnome is really wicked, which happens only once in a thousand years, as it is due to bad genes that result from crossbreeding in faraway places.

Siberian Gnome

The Siberian gnome has been the most affected by crossbreeding. He is centimeters larger than the European type and associates freely with trolls. In certain regions there is not a single gnome to be trusted. The Siberian gnome takes revenge for even the slightest offense by killing cattle, causing bad harvests, droughts, abnormally cold weather, and so forth. The less said about him, the better.

Male Gnomes

Male Gnomes frown due to posing in harsh daylight. At 275 years old he is in the prime of life...actual height (without cap) 15cm. The adult male gnome weighs 300 grams Tool kit attached to belt. Feet slightly turned inward to insure great speed (over grass, etc...) wearing deer fur boots.

Lady Gnomes

The adult female gnome weighs 250 - 275 grams...

Female Gnomes tend to wear camouflage colors (gray or Khaki).until she is married she wears a green cap, with her braids sticking out. After marriage, her hair disappears under a scarf and darker cap. When 350 years or older she begins to show a light beard....she usually only stays at home and doesn't wonder about.

Return to Site Map


DRAGONS!! The word use to strike fear in nearly every man's body as he imagined himself confronted with a two ton dragon, inhaling as much air as possible, getting ready to burn you to the ground.

On the Origin of Dragons

During the middle ages no one ever pondered over the question where dragons might originate from. They were thought to have existed from the beginning of the earth. This changed at the turn of modern times. During the 17th century scientists began to doubt the real existence of dragons, but conceded that fantastic creatures were at least possible. As a consequence "faked" dragons compiled of mummified rays, bats and other ingredients found their ways into the early museums (or rather cabinets of curiosities) as examples of possible but yet undiscovered creatures (STECKNER, 1997). Simultaneously a new question arose. How came dragons into existence? The old Christian explanations on the creation of the earth crumbled. Additionally there was severe doubt, whether such fierce animals were really God's creatures. But the Bible never explicitly mentioned creative powers of the Devil. Could there be another way for the origin of dragons?

In 1683 to 1691 Eberhard Werner HAPPEL published his Relations Curisosae, a collection of curiosities. There he commented on events of the day and reported stories from exotic countries, he presented scientific discoveries of various disciplines as well as descriptions of landscapes, their inhabitants and folk lore. The book gained such popularity that during the ensuing decades faked editions and sequels were issued.

Of course HAPPEL could not ignore the dragon. He first presents the story of Deodatus de Gozon, a young knight of St. John who killed a dragon on the isle of Rhodes in 1345. HAPPEL afterwards lists some well-known facts: Dragons are many fold - some possess wings and others don't, some have four and others two legs. Their feet could be compared to those of goose, lions or eagles, but all dragons are said to be venomous. But then he suddenly states that they are monsters or miraculous creatures which could not spring from an ordinary copulation of two common animals of different species. (Of course he mentioned the mule as an example of such a bastard). And he gives the explanation: It is well accepted that dragons inhabit the remotest dwellings such as caves, cliffs or deserts. Only eagles, vultures and other birds of prey are their companions. In fact they dwelled there even before the dragon. To these places they brought their prey - snakes, birds, rabbits, lambs, dogs, and even little children! - To lacerate and devour them. And there the remains decayed. But still remnants of the semen of these unlucky victims survived. Of course it was impossible that this seed could develop ordinary animals. But through time the semen of various creatures would intermingle and at last a kind of "fermentation putrefaction" would give birth to a dragon. Logically, this dragon will show features of all animals involved: head and tail of the snake, wings of a bird or bat, ears of a rabbit and legs of whatever kind of being.

More on the DRAGONS

From the earliest times, represented the principle of fertility. Being born each spring from an egg under the water, and the young dragon grew and flourished. Each year as Nature waned, the old dragon had to be killed to make way for the new dragon that would be born the next spring.

With Western Christian tradition the dragon became synonymous with evil, and the killing came to symbolize not merely the end of the year, but also the victory of God over the Devil. The slaying of the dragon, for this reason, has been associated with many Christian saints as, George of Lydda who slew a dragon in the name of God to convert pagans to Christianity.
This struggle with the dragon has been interpreted as symbolizing our own internal struggle between deep-seated lusts and unconscious drives, and the demands of the conscience.

While the West took the dragon to symbolize evil, the East portrayed it as life-giving and benevolent. This mystery lent itself to interpretation by symbols that made them easier to understand.

To make them more powerful than humans, our ancestors may have conceived of dragons as a mixture of different creatures to suggest supernatural powers. Just as different people interpreted the character of dragons to fulfill their own needs, they concocted the appearance of the dragon from the beasts they found most significant.

In the 2nd-century dragons were linked with guarding treasures. This link between dragons and treasure, and the caves where treasure was usually hidden, is found in many legends.

In many other legends the heroes gain new kinds of power from killing the dragon.

History is so rich and diverse with heroic fantasy that we should wonder if the dragon is really the evil beast portrayed by God-fearing Christians. Maybe, the dragon is really a gentle creature named Puff, and maybe it lives by the sea in a land called Honeli.

Return to Site Map

If you have comments or questions, feel free to contact me


E-mail the Webmaster!

Return to Top of Page ! Return to Home Page ! Sign the Guestbook !

E-mail Dudley

Dudley's Websites
Need a Website?
We can build you one!